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Retirement Plans - What Are the Different Types of Retirement Plans?

Dec 2

When it comes to your retirement plans, the options are countless. There are 401(k) plans, IRAs, 403(b) plans, and Pension plans. Knowing the differences between them can be very helpful. These options are a great way to start planning for your future. And, while you're working, you'll need to consider your current expenses.


The 401(k) retirement plan is an investment option that you can use to save for retirement. The money that you contribute to your plan is invested by a professional with the help of your employer. The funds are usually invested in stocks, bonds, or money market accounts. The plan usually has specific guidelines regarding the risk level that you can take on. As a result, the 401(k) plan offers an excellent incentive for you to invest for retirement. However, you should be aware of the penalties associated with withdrawals.

If you are an employee of a company that offers a 401(k) plan, you can make contributions up to £12,000 per year. This amount can be increased each year for inflation. If you are 50 years of age or older, you can make an extra contribution of £2,500. The employer must match your contributions up to three percent of your pay or make a two percent contribution to your account. If you are a company owner, you can limit your employer matching to one percent of your employees' compensation.


403(b) retirement plans are a tax-deferred retirement option. Contributions are made using pre-tax dollars and don't incur any taxes, so the money is invested tax-free until you withdraw it. However, you will be taxed on any withdrawals. The only exception to this is the Roth IRA, which is taxed at the time of withdrawal.

You may be eligible to participate in a 403(b) retirement plan offered by your employer. Contributions are tax-deferred until you withdraw them, which typically occurs when you reach retirement age. The amount of tax deferral depends on your age and the withdrawal amount you're withdrawing.

If you are over 50, you can contribute an additional £3,000 a year into a 403(b) retirement plan. However, you must note that these bonus catch-up contributions are capped at £15,000, and that this amount does not replace the federal catch-up contribution for people 50 and older. In other words, you can only make contributions up to this amount once in your life.

Pension plan

If you work for a company, you might be paying a high amount of money into a traditional pension plan. However, there are some advantages and disadvantages to this type of plan. One of them is the lack of regulation, which makes it easier to manage. Another advantage is the ability to choose investments in a wide variety of stocks and mutual funds.

Deficits remain substantial in many pension plans, which will put pressure on plan sponsors' finances. According to Mercer, year-end balance sheet adjustments and profit-and-loss expense for many plans are likely to increase. To offset the rising cost of these changes, companies should consider the true size of their deficits and make more contributions than the minimum required.

Cash balance plan

Cash Balance Plans are defined benefit retirement plans in which a participant's benefit is based on the employer's ongoing contributions. Each year, employers must contribute either a specific dollar amount or a percentage of the participant's salary to the plan. This means that an employee's retirement benefits can be tax-deferred.

The income tax rate on a cash balance plan is generally lower than the combined federal and state income tax rates. A cash balance defined benefit plan allows you to reduce taxes and create your own retirement pension. It also helps you invest your money at a higher rate, creating a buffer against market declines. A cash balance plan also allows employees to withdraw their vested balance as a lump sum or an annuity at retirement age.

Cash balance plans may cost more than a typical 401(k) plan for small businesses. They require actuarial services and may also require a separate administrative fee. However, this cost is often justified by the tax benefits.